Black History Links


1619 PROJECT - HISTORY OF USA - NY TIMES
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/14/magazine/1619-america-slavery.html?
From the web site: "The 1619 Project is a major initiative from The New York Times observing the 400th anniversary of the beginning of American slavery. It aims to reframe the country’s history, understanding 1619 as our true founding, and placing the consequences of slavery and the contributions of black Americans at the very center of the story we tell ourselves about who we are." 

1865 TO  PRESENT DAY (2022): RAISE AWARENESS OF JUNETEENTH WITH THESE ESRI EDUCATIONAL TOOLS AND RESOURCES
click here
ESRI is one of the leading GIS mapping companies in the world.  This page shares resources that look at racial equity using GIS maps as a tool.


AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY MONTH OFFICIAL WEB SITE
http://www.africanamericanhistorymonth.gov/
From the web site: "This Web portal is a collaborative project of the Library of Congress and the National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and U.S. National Archives and Records Administration."

AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN WRITERS OF 19TH CENTURY
https://libguides.nypl.org/african-american-women-writers-of-the-19th-Century
This is a site that features the successes of African American women writers.

AFRICAN AMERICANS IN STEM - WIKI SITE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/DC/African_Americans_in_STEM
This site is a growing list of past and living African American heroes  in technical fields. (STEM = science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Created as part of a collaborative hack-a-thon organized by the White House in Feb. 2015.

AFRICAN KINGS AND BLACK SLAVES - SLAVERY'S TRUE ORIGINS
https://www.amazon.com/African-Kings-Black-Slaves-Dispossession/dp/081225063X
This from web site: "A new book by Graduate Center Professor Herman L. Bennett (History) called African Kings and Black Slaves seeks to disrupt conventional ideas about the history of slavery by focusing on early encounters between Europeans and Africans starting in the 15th century.

AFRICANS IN AMERICA - JOURNEY THROUGH SLAVERY
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/home.html
From the web site: "America's journey through slavery is presented in four parts. For each era, you'll find a historical Narrative, a Resource Bank of images, documents, stories, biographies, and commentaries, and a Teacher's Guide for using the content of the Web site and television series in U.S. history courses."

AGAINST ALL ODDS: THE FIGHT FOR A BLACK MIDDLE CLASS - VIDEO
https://www.pbs.org/wnet/chasing-the-dream/stories/odds-fight-black-middle-class/
From the web site: "Against All Odds: The Fight for a Black Middle Class probes the harsh and often brutal discrimination that has made it extremely difficult for African-Americans to establish a middle-class standard of living. Through dramatic historical footage and deeply moving personal interviews with prominent African Americans, including Isabel Wilkerson, Elijah Cummings, Alvin Poussaint, and Angela Glover Blackwell, Against All Odds explores the often frustrated efforts of black families to pursue the American dream."

AMERICA'S LONG (UNADDRESSED) HISTORY OF CLASS
https://www.wnyc.org/story/americas-long-unaddressed-history-class/
This article shows how class differences, not just racial discrimination, has been a long feature of American life.

AS WE CELEBRATE JUNTEENTH, A LOOK AT THE TRUE HISTORY OF EMANCIPATION
https://www.hcn.org/articles/as-we-celebrate-juneteenth-a-look-at-the-true-history-of-emancipation
In this June 2022 article a historian "describes how Black people were kept unfree even after slavery ended."

BLACK HISTORY PAST - CONTRIBUTIONS FROM OVER 800 WRITERS
https://www.blackpast.org/
From the website: "Blackpast is made possible by the content contributions of over 800 volunteers from six continents who give of their time and energy to bring this information to a global audience. Click on the images to read their stories or find them in the yellow tabs below in the three main categories: Academic, Independent, and Student. We need more volunteer content contributors."  This 3,000 page site is dedicated to providing reference materials to the general public on African American history in the United States and on the history of people of African ancestry around the world.

BLACK THEN - STORIES OF BLACK HISTORY
https://blackthen.com/
This web site is a collection of stories about Black Americans contributed by a variety of writers.

BORN IN SLAVERY: SLAVE NARRATIVES FROM THE FEDERAL WRITER'S PROJECT, 1936-1938
https://thegrio.com/2022/06/13/stories-about-formerly-enslaved-people/
From the website: "This article points to a collection of more than 2,000 first-person accounts of slavery in America that have been digitized and compiled for a collection that is now available online on the Library of Congress website."

BUSINESS IN THE BLACK - MOVIE SHOWING THE ENTREPRENURAL RESILIENCE OF BLACK AMERICANS
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyUPirHTgIg
This documentary introduced many Black Americans who started their own businesses as early as the 1820s. Many became wealthy and passed on their businesses to their children.  

E.B. HENDERSON - THE FATHER OF "BLACK" BASKETBALL 
https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2022/04/11/edwin-bancroft-henderson-black-basketball/
This Washington Post article introduces us to Edwin B. Henderson, who introduced basketball to the African American community, starting in 1907 in Washington, DC.

EDUCATORS GUIDE TO TEACHING HISTORY US SLAVERY USING GIS MAPS
https://www.intimeandplace.org/Immigration/Africa/Section5.html
While this link points to a section titled  The Slave Trail  the section is part of a larger teaching guide titled  In Time & Place.
From the site: "In Time & Place is a growing library of teaching materials for classroom, distance, or home use focusing on selected topics in American history. You will find many traditional reading, map, and photo related resources, but you will also find GIS (Geographic Information System) data and activities as well. All of the materials can be used individually or as a whole to build a unit on each topic in a way that best suits your and your students' needs. There are suggestions in some cases that the materials are well suited to group work or jigsaw type sharing activities. But these are not pre-packaged lessons; rather collections of resources that you can adapt to your style and specific classroom needs."

ENSLAVED: LEARN ABOUT PEOPLES OF THE SLAVE TRADE
https://enslaved.org/
From the website:  "Matrix: The Center for Digital Humanities & Social Sciences at Michigan State University (MSU), in partnership with the MSU Department of History, University of Maryland, and scholars at multiple institutions, has developed Enslaved: Peoples of the Historical Slave Trade. Enslaved.org’s primary focus is people—individuals who were enslaved, owned slaves, or participated in slave trading. As of December 2020, we have built a robust, open-source architecture to discover and explore nearly a half million people records and 5 million data points. From archival fragments and spreadsheet entries, we see the lives of the enslaved in richer detail. Yet there’s much more work to do, and with the help of scholars, educators, and family historians."

FERGUSON SYLLABUS - FROM WIKIPEDIA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferguson_Syllabus
From the site: "Ferguson syllabus is a crowdsourced syllabus about race, African American history, civil rights, and policing. [9] Ferguson syllabus was created as a way to integrate conversations of what happened in Ferguson into classrooms." Use the resources in learning about race and inequality in America and to find strategies for engaging students and others in this effort.

HAITI - WHERE THE FIRST SLAVE REBELLION SUCCEEDED IN 1804
https://revolution.chnm.org/exhibits/show/liberty--equality--fraternity/slavery-and-the-haitian-revolu
This site has an extensive history of slavery and the Haitian revolution.  See also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_Haiti

HISTORY OF SLAVERY (H-SLAVERY) - LINKS PAGE
https://networks.h-net.org/node/11465/links
From the web site: "H-Slavery seeks to promote interaction and exchange among scholars engaged in research on slavery, the slave trade, abolition, and emancipation. It is dedicated to the dissemination of information about the history of slavery and antislavery in all time periods and parts of the world. H-Slavery’s new network format now offers opportunities for exciting new forms of digital collaboration utilizing built in platforms and multiple forms of media."

IDA B. WELLS WEBSITE
http://idabwellsmuseum.org/
Ida B. Wells Museum web site - this site is a rich resource for anyone interested in African-American history. Contains many links to communications and journalism networks.

LIBERATE HISTORY - AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY LESSONS
https://www.liberatehistory.net/
Liberate History is creating "the world's first digital repository curating African American History lessons created by educators for educators."

MAKING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION WHITE AGAIN
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/12/opinion/sunday/making-affirmative-action-white-again.html
This  New York Times article shows systematic government programs since 1930s that befitted Whites and not Blacks and Latinos.

NAACP WEB SITE
https://naacp.org/
From the web site: "The mission of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination."  Find a wide range of links to Black History activities on the site, such as http://www.asalh.org/index.html (Association for the Study of African American Life and History).

NATIONAL UNDERGROUND RAILROAD FREEDOM CENTER
https://freedomcenter.org/
From the web site: " The mission of The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center is to reveal stories of freedom’s heroes, from the era of the Underground Railroad to contemporary times, challenging and inspiring everyone to take courageous steps of freedom today.

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY AND SLAVERY - HISTORICAL TIES TO THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY
https://slavery.princeton.edu/
From the web site: "Princeton University, founded as the College of New Jersey in 1746, exemplifies the central paradox of American history. From the start, liberty and slavery were intertwined. The Princeton and Slavery Project investigates the University’s involvement with the institution of slavery."

STORY MAP SHOWS BLACK HISTORY OF NEW YORK CITY
https://storymaps.arcgis.com/stories/2e2f8343e7254e948f5a0d3699ba91fd
This interactive story-map shows Black  history in New York City from as early as 1626 when the first African slaves were brought into the land that became New York City.  Add to your on-going study of Black history in America. 

TEACHING NINETEENTH-CENTURY SLAVE NARRATIVES: ENGAGING STUDENT SCHOLARS IN THE PRODUCTION OF DIGITAL STORY MAPS
https://wisconsinenglishjournal.org/2017/10/30/lewis/
Educators and students should read this article to deepen their understanding of the US slave trade and to see how using digital tools like ESRI story maps, build a deeper connection and  understanding of the material.

TEXAS SLAVERY PROJECT - HISTORY FROM 1820-1850
http://www.texasslaveryproject.org/
From the website: "Centered on a database of slave and slaveholder populations in Texas during the Republic era (1837-45), the Texas Slavery Project offers a window into the role slavery played in the development of Texas in the years before the region became part of the United States."

THE BLACK INVENTOR ONLINE MUSEUM
https://blackinventor.com/
From the web site: "The Black Inventor OnLine Museum is the #1 resource on the web focusing on the ingenuity and accomplishments of the top Black inventors over the last 300 years. Their contributions are chronicled and the inventors are profiled, providing information for students and others interested in these pioneers of Black History."

THE COUNTER REVOLUTION OF 1776 AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF WHITENESS - VIDEO
https://www.youtube.com/embed/2Snzl41lX54?list=PLt-Yr3xe8yZSs2wN2OW8M0UlXEfILMWsv
This is one of six interviews with Gerald Horne, author of the book titled  The Counter Revolution of 1776 and the Construction of Whiteness.

THE GILDER LEHRMAN CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF SLAVERY, RESISTANCE, AND ABOLITION
https://glc.yale.edu/
From the web site: "The Gilder Lehrman Center (GLC) for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition is supported by the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale. The GLC strives to make a vital contribution to the understanding of slavery and its role in the development of the modern world. While the Center’s primary focus has been on scholarly research, it also seeks to bridge the divide between scholarship and public knowledge by opening channels of communication between the scholarly community and the wider public."

THE INVISIBLE THREADS OF GENDER, RACE, AND SLAVERY
https://www.aaihs.org/the-invisible-threads-of-gender-race-and-slavery/
This article starts by saying "any attempt to remember the enslavement of African peoples is incomplete without considering women’s experiences in slavery and the transatlantic slave trade."  Read the full article.

THE NEW JIM CROW - A LOOK AT RACISM
https://newjimcrow.com/about
This book offers statistics to show that the incarceration of large numbers of Black and Latino youth is a new form of racism in America.

UNDERSTANDING RACIAL WEALTH GAP - A BLACK HISTORY MONTH ACTIVITY?
https://illinoisassetbuilding.org/resource/measuring-and-understanding-the-racial-wealth-gap/
The Illinois Asset Building Group, a program of Heartland Alliance, has created this racial wealth gap timeline as an educational tool that documents a history of policies and institutional practices that denied access to the tools we all need to build financially secure lives. policies and practices, “The Racial Wealth Gap Timeline”  is intended to promote awareness of the need for smart, practical solutions to racial wealth inequality such as an automatic retirement savings accounts for all workers.  Build this into your Black History Month (February) activities as well as year round learning.

WHAT IS MODERN SLAVERY?
https://www.antislavery.org/slavery-today/modern-slavery/
From the web site: "Slavery did not end with abolition in the 19th century. Instead, it changed its forms and continues to harm people in every country in the world."  Those studying Black history and slavery in the US can expand their thinking to understand how slavery still exists in the world, in many forms. 

WHO SEGREGATED AMERICA? - 2017 ARTICLE
http://www.publicbooks.org/who-segregated-america/
In this article by Destin Jenkins, the roles of government and capitalism in creating a segregated America, are reviewed.

WHY IS US STILL FIGHTING THE CIVIL WAR? - ARTICLE
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/16/why-is-the-us-still-fighting-the-civil-war
This article points to efforts since the Civil War by "southern elites who sought to “take blacks out of the electorate and segregate public space” in order to “redivide the black and white core” of the south’s working class and small farmers." Add to your reading list to understand how deeply entrenched these problems are.

WIKIPEDIA ABOUT AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African-American_history
Wikipedia page with extensive links and articles about African American History.

WIKIPEDIA ABOUT AFRICAN AMERICANS
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_American
This is Wikipedia article about the U.S. population of Americans of African ancestry.

WILMINGTON, NC MASSACRE OF 1898 -
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilmington_insurrection_of_1898
This is a Wikipedia article about a mass riot and insurrection carried out by white supremacists in Wilmington, North Carolina, United States, on Thursday, November 10, 1898.   From the article: "The Wilmington coup is considered a turning point in post-Reconstruction North Carolina politics. It was part of an era of more severe racial segregation and effective disenfranchisement of African Americans throughout the South, which had been underway since the passage of a new constitution in Mississippi in 1890 which raised barriers to the registration of black voters."

Additional resources in different sections of this library

Poverty mapping links - click here

Race, Poverty, Inequality links - click here

 
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